What year was the CIA established?

  • 1919
  • 1929
  • 1942
  • 1947 correct

    Foreign intelligence has been important to the United States since the days of George Washington, but it’s only been since World War II that such efforts have been coordinated on a government-wide level. Even before Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was concerned about America’s deficient intelligence efforts. He was particularly concerned about the need for the State Department and War Department to cooperate better and adopt a more strategic view of operations. With that goal in mind, Roosevelt asked New York attorney and World War I hero William J. Donovan to draft a plan for a new intelligence service. It did not take long before President Truman recognized the need for a postwar, centralized intelligence organization. To make a fully functional intelligence office, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 establishing the CIA.

  • ON A DAY
  • Fact of the day

    There are over 200 corpses on Mount Everest.
  • This day in 1788

    Maryland becomes the 7th state to ratify the U.S. constitution

    • James Monroe

      Monroe Hall, Virginia
    • Oskar Schindler

      Zwittau, Austria-Hungary
    • Harper Lee

      Monroeville, Alabama
    • Penélope Cruz

      43 years old | Madrid, Spain